Jon Lebkowsky (jonl) Fri 1 Aug 03 09:21
"Hacking is the clever circumvention of imposed limits, whether imposed by your government, your IP server, your own personality, or the laws of physics." -St. Jude, 1939-2003
Official Bio of St. Jude (jonl) Fri 1 Aug 03 09:22
Judith Milhon AKA St. Jude 1939 - 2003 Hacker legend, author, editor, poet and reader Judith Milhon (AKA St. Jude) died on July 19, 2003. After outrunning cancer through several rounds of radiation and chemotherapy, recurring metastases led her to decline additional treatment with her characteristic black humor. Considered by many to be the first woman hacker of the personal computing era, Jude was an early programmer, co-founder of Community Memory, senior editor of Mondo 2000, writer of several essential books on the cyberpunk movement and a co-founder of the Cypherpunks encryption cabal. As St Jude, she is a central figure in Steven Levys seminal book Hackers: Heroes of the Computer Revolution, about the enthusiasts who made personal computing a reality. Raised in Washington, D.C. and Indiana, Milhon became part of the Cleveland, Ohio, beat/hipster scene in the early 1960s. In 1965, she became active in the Civil Rights Movement, helping to organize the Selma march, and was jailed for civil disobedience in Jackson, Mississippi. With Robert Behling (by whom she had a daughter, Tresca) and later, Stan Heilbrun, Jude established a household in Yellow Springs, Ohio, home of Antioch College and a key stop on the hipster underground railway. During this period, she promulgated the term "hippie" by applying it to the local undergraduates, and taught herself computer programming. Her first official programming job was at the central kitchen for Horn & Hardart in New York City. After moving to the San Francisco Bay Area with lover and long-time best friend Efrem Lipkin, and her daughter Tresca Behling, Jude worked at Berkeley Computer Company, microcoding the communications controller of the BCC super timesharing machine. She also worked as a medic and trainer during the early days of the Berkeley Free Clinic. During the late 1960s, she became involved with various of the Berkeley New Left "revolutionary" groups that proliferated during that era, but found her true métier among the computer enthusiasts who came to be called "hackers." In 1973, she joined Lipkin, Mark Szpakowski, Ken Colstad, and Lee Felsenstein in launching Community Memory, the first public online computer network, which grew out of Lipkin's, Szpakowski's and Colstad's experiences with Buckminester Fuller's "World Game" and the Berkeley "University Without Walls"."University Without Walls" projects. In the mid-1980s, Jude became involved with a Berkeley-based zine called High Frontiers. In 1989, High Frontiers shifted focus to computer counterculture, becoming Mondo 2000, the first magazine of the digital culture. From 1989 - 1994, as St Jude, she was Senior Editor of Mondo, contributing greatly to its rise to prominence and writing a humorous column called "Irresponsible Journalism." The magazine achieved a large cult following and extensive media attention during the early 90s and continued to publish irregularly until 1998. As St Jude, she also wrote two books published in 1994, The Cyberpunk Handbook: The Real Cyberpunk Fake Book, and (with former Mondo 2000 Editor-in-Chief R.U. Sirius) How to Mutate and Take Over the World: an Exploded Post-Novel. Her online book proposal, Hacking the Wetware: The NerdGirl's Pillow Book, first appeared on the Web in 1994 as well. St Jude also wrote for Wired Magazine and The Net during the 1990s. In the early 90s, Milhon co-founded and named the "Cypherpunks," a quasi-anarchist group dedicated to online privacy through encryption. St. Jude became an Internet legend at the turn of the 21st Century for giving friendly and enthusiastic advice to young "newbie" hackers who would contact her, and for encouraging e-women, hackers or not, to develop their personal power online. In 2001, after a delayed diagnosis of late-stage cancer, Milhon approached the disease with her usual intense scientific curiosity and voracious reading, educating herself about treatments, and engaging in learned exchanges with her doctors. In early 2003, expected to survive only a few months, she sent a humorous email to her friends: "Im living too long. Its embarrassing." As a sometimes polygamist who frequently lived in communal circumstances, Milhons personal life was a complex tapestry of long-term relationships. Nevertheless, she is survived by Efrem Lipkin, her mate, comrade, and brother of 40 years, her ex-husband Robert Behling, her daughter Tresca Behling, a grandson Emilio Zuniga, and many lovers of whom Mark Szpakowski, Stan Heilbrun and Gracie & Zarkov are probably the most notable. Jude Milhon, AKA St. Jude 1939-2003 Further St. Jude Info: http://www.wired.com/news/technology/0,1282,59711,00.html http://boingboing.net/2003_07_01_archive.html http://magdalen.com/blog/
Teleologically dyslexic (ceder) Fri 1 Aug 03 09:34
Jon Lebkowsky (jonl) Fri 1 Aug 03 09:37
Jude Milhon was a member of the WELL during the 1990s, active especially in the conference for Mondo 2000, where she was an editor along with R.U. Sirius. Everybody loved Mondo, the magazine that fed memes to the cyborganic revolution and made us all feel completely at home in its alternate universe of reality hackers and complexity surfers. As her bio shows, her time with Mondo and her tenure on the WELL were pieces of a larger, very rich life. Her influence is everywhere in cyberspace. We're dedicating this space within inkwell.vue for those who knew Jude to post their thoughts and memories. If you're not a member of the WELL, you can email your post to email@example.com, and we'll drop it in.
RUSirius (rusirius) Fri 1 Aug 03 16:20
Jude remembered by SF Chronicle http://www.sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?file=/chronicle/archive/2003/07/30/B A131298.DTL
The Fucked-Up Piano Chicks (magdalen) Fri 1 Aug 03 16:33
i'd love to hear what y'all actually think. or are trying not to think. or feel. some people here were super-close with jude, tight friends, lovers, and co-revolutionaries. i didn't know her so well, but i loved every fucking interaction i had with her. one powerful day, i met for the first time one Paco Xander Nathan, and Eric Hughes, and St Jude. i was all, like, in awe of Jude and everything, fully a fangirl. i had no idea that she'd scoop me right up like i belonged there. and i did feel like that. Jude was inspirational, but in a beautifully off-the-cuff sort of way. think smart, think interestingly. so you're a girl? who cares, try this computer thing. maybe you won't like it, maybe you will. who cares? come to cypherpunks brunch. doesn't matter that you couldn't find an algorithm if it crawled in yr ear. you're funny, girl, keep writing. don't let the bastards get you down. i guess... she understood the *spirit* of things and sseemed pretty damned particular about which spirits were on the right track. but she was encouraging about all the different ways to *manifest* that spirit. it didn't just have to be "be an artist" or "be a hacker." it felt like this all-encompassing madness and brilliance. i felt like it rubbed off on me when i was around her or when she emailed me. okay so i'd never be as smart & wonderful; it seemed only obvious that if i continued to be inspired by women like Jude, i would come to at least *some* level of smartness and wonderfulness. my life would be odd and not necessarily easy, but interesting and true and full of delicious characters with complicated minds. i feel just i don't know very thankful, i suppose, thankful for that inspiration. weirdly annoyed that too many people don't know, that they didn't get to be inspired by the living jude.
She's got a wireless card AND coffee! (tinymonster) Fri 1 Aug 03 17:14
Josh Ellis (jonl) Sat 2 Aug 03 20:57
Email from Josh Ellis: Jude is one of the people most responsible for my becoming a full-time writer. My column for the Las Vegas CityLife this week is a requiem for her, and a thanks: http://www.lasvegascitylife.com/articles/2003/07/30/scorched_earth/all_tomorro ws_parties/atp.txt I hadn't seen Jude since 1997 in the flesh, but I spoke to her on the phone every few months, and I will miss her terribly. I'm moving back to San Francisco on Monday; she was one of the first people I wanted to see. Josh Ellis
Dennis Wilen (the-voidmstr) Sun 3 Aug 03 01:31
Thank you, Jude. You inspired me.
RUSirius (rusirius) Sun 3 Aug 03 12:59
And Now: Text from the message Jude left on my answering machine 4 days before dying: "Ive got to tell you that Im about to leave the planet I think its pretty likely that Im not going to last another day, so ACK!!! just as Beethoven went out crying "More Light!" supposedly, thus pleasing both the metaphorical people and the practical people; I give you my choices No. Take your choice, babe. When I go out, what am I screaming for? More this, less that? More hair gel, less ice? ACK!!!" I havent felt like writing anything whatsoever after finishing 26 months working full time on a book about a month ago; so however inelegantly, Im going to ramble a bit about my memories of Jude. Sometime in the mid-80s Jude started coming around the High Frontiers (later to become Mondo 2000) scene. I'm not sure when she first made a real impression, but I soon realized that this was a mind that was easy to speak to about absolutely anything. Here was this incrediby smart, seemingly calm and sweetly reasonable person. I also soon realized that she was an excitable girl (grrl?) who could make a huge celebration out of things like Jim Morgan, freshly arrived from Athens, Georgia, getting a hipper haircut and taking his name Jas. Jude made a huge deal about things, when Alison and I were too focused on just one thing, making a huge deal out of trying to make a magazine work.. Despite her seeming rationality, she insisted that she was weird, anti-social... After awhile, this became clear. Shed disappear for long periods. It was like she didnt want to give people -- who were "angels" or "geniuses" or involved in the hippest thing ever -- a chance to disappoint her. But for a self-proclaimed agoraphobic, Jude sure got intimate, to varying degrees, with a lot of people. She kept her literary skills hidden all through the High Frontiers years. I think it was Morgan Russell who brought it out of her, just as Reality Hackers (long story, never mind) was becoming Mondo 2k. They had similarities, fussing over pieces for too long a time; lots of literary references; Morgan was more pretentious (but in an enjoyable way). It immediately became obvioius that she was the best, funniest writer among us. I dumped the main responsibility for assigning most Mondo articles onto her right after the third edition for two reasons. One was that being the public face of Mondo was turning into a full time job; particularly when combined with fielding multimedia offers like people interested in developing TV shows and other bits of horseshit that never amounted to anything. The other was that the new agey aspects of Mondo drove her nuts. I was too close to too many "new agey" people to avoid them or give them the boot. With Jude assigning and bringing in most of the articles, it would change the overall character of the magazine, even if a few "new agey" voices intruded here and there. When Andrew Hultkrans, who was to some degree identifying with the GenX "lets stop talking about the sixties all the time" mentality of that time came on board as Managing Editor, it really got to be fun. We had lots of lunch meetings and largely controlled the magazines content for six or seven issues. After I quit the magazine one day in a huff (you know, a small French sports car), I was sure that the magazine would start to suck. But Jude and Andrew stayed on board and they came out with what I still think was the best issue of Mondo ever (dont remember the number but it was the one with interviews with Moravek and Kroker in it). She was great with the writers, that old enthusiasm made people glad to work for our cheapo 5 cents per word and she didnt mind talking on the phone for long hours jamming out ideas. (I hate long phone conversations!) She seemed to put her "agorophobia" aside for an extended period when she was Mondos Senior Editor, although she did refuse to work in the office, which bugged our business manager, Linda. She always had to be kicked a bit about deadlines, but really we were pretty close to on-time for a quarterly during those few years. If we were a bit late to the stands it was mostly because the advertising wasnt in place yet (if ever) Writing books with her was a different experience. Most of Cyberpunk Handbook came out of her in a spontaneous outburst. Even before we got our advance, shed kicked out a lot of really funny text. I still think its a beautiful example of mordant humor based around the whole idea of telling people how to be hip. And "How to Mutate & Take Over the World" contains many Jude pieces that should be extracted and published on their own. Oh dear, I had to kick Jude a lot to try to get that one done though. We were both kind of lost in that book, but I just kept charging forward like a quarterback figuring that even if what I was writing was idiotic I could recontextualize it into validity. But she crafted several gems witihin that book that deserve to live on. I think the book might have worked if it had been designed to look like a scrapbook, which was the idea I cant seem to find words to express my emotions about losing Jude. Even though I knew it was coming, it didnt hit me until it actually happened. Right now, its just a feeling of emptiness; losing a family member; someone I could talk to and lean on; one of those rare people who never gives you any crap along with the good stuff. As a writer, she was not a self-starter thats for sure. My role was to push her to do it, which she always thanked me for profusely
Mark Szpakowski (szpak) Mon 4 Aug 03 17:00
There's a pretty good interview with Jude at http://velvetrut.blogspot.com/2003_07_01_velvetrut_archive.html#10590624941308 7035 "From _Surfergrrrls: Look, Ethel! An Internet Book for Us!_. Seal Press, 1996. (Co-authored by your hostess velvet_rut, who conducted this e-mail interview w/St. Jude)."
Jules Renard (hdonlon) Tue 5 Aug 03 11:00
Lovely, Ken and Tiff. I only ever knew her long distance but she leaves behind plenty of European fans.
The Fucked-Up Piano Chicks (magdalen) Tue 5 Aug 03 20:02
it is good to hear from you, ken, and i'm really glad you pushed her to write. really, really superglad.
RUSirius (rusirius) Wed 6 Aug 03 14:14
What's that saying about never getting your props in your hometown? The Oakland Tribune decided not to run a St. Jude of Berkeley obit but she was on the front page in .... India! At least if you believe this blogger. I couldn't get the link to work... http://radio.weblogs.com/0121664/
Dennis Wilen (the-voidmstr) Wed 6 Aug 03 14:47
<http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/cms.dll/html/uncomp/articleshow?msid=102018 > Hackers lose 'patron saint' TIMES NEWS NETWORK[ WEDNESDAY, JULY 30, 2003 01:40:43 AM If theres a heaven, the angels are in for a hell of a time when Jude Milhon, the considered the internets real and very earthy patron saint of hacking, shows up. Better known on the internet by her nom de plume, St Jude, Milhon has died of cancer. Her age was an issue Milhon decided not to address. Even her closest friends could only guess at it, and they admitted they could be off by as much as a decade. She worked as a freelance cyberjournalist and as a programmer with several Silicon Valley startupss. Her previous work includes a seminal stint as senior editor for Mondo 2000, the cutting-edge magazine of digital culture. In her work she explored boundaries and shaping of identity in networked societies. St Jude coined the term cypherpunk to describe cryptography activists, and has widely published on the digital culture. Her books include: The Cyberpunk Fake Book, How to Mutate and Take Over the World (with R U Sirius).
from ANDREW HULTKRANS (tnf) Wed 6 Aug 03 18:12
This is from Andrew Hultkrans: i don't have much to say at the moment; the feelings are too fresh. but i will say that i had the pleasure of working and being friends with jude for three years in my early twenties, a period when i was still mourning the loss of my mother to cancer during my senior year in college. jude taught me many things, about writing, about humor, about life, and i would be lying if i said that there wasn't some transference going on. while completely different than my mother in almost every way, jude (unknowingly) filled that role for me when i was a confused, purposeless recent graduate, and i'll never forget her for this. one of the most important lessons she taught me (merely by example) was that you could follow your bliss in life and be ok, and that you didn't have to act middle-aged just because you were middle-aged. she was a true original, someone who lived her life exactly how she wanted to, and she influenced many, many people along the way, myself included. i'll always remain in her debt. i've attached two pieces of mine that relate to jude--some comic relief and some score-settling. i hope that everyone who was touched by jude will carry her spirit within them for the rest of their days. RIP. love, andrew hultkrans former managing editor/columnist, Mondo 2000 [Fake "review" of "How to Mutate and Take Over the World" that appears in the book itself. I was commissioned by Jude to write the piece, and her (and Ken's) writerly influence is all over it. I remember clearly Jude LOL at my use of the word "enschwanzed."] Apocalypse How? How to Mutate and Take over the World by R.U. Sirius and St. Jude Ballantine Books, 1995 BY TOTO DEJOUISSANCE (ANDREW HULTKRANS) Gonzo cyberpundits R.U. Sirius and St. Jude, abetted by a foolhardy Ballantine Books, have produced the cyberpunk strokebook they've always threatened to deliver--a millennial Baedeker clumsily entitled How to Mutate and Take Over the World. Designed as a scrapbook from the future, Mutate is devoid of conventional prose, substituting data trash samizdat--e-mail exchanges, BBS banter, pirate advertisements, and hypertechnical hooey--for linear narrative. Bereft of a responsible narrator, Mutate unfolds through a virtual parade of terminal identities--mainly no-account propeller heads and rebels sans clue--revealing a teleology sans telos, a scatological eschatology, an ass-backwards history book for an ahistorical, no-future generation. The arcane, subcultural discourse of Mutate often devolves into an incestuous, rhetorical circle jerk, as inviting to the uninitiated as a Monster Truck/Tractor Pull, and just as inane. Occasionally, Sirius & Co. wield the cutting edge like a spastic Benihana chef, reducing the reader's hands to bloody hamburger in just a few pages. All too often, though, the authors are merely slapping a dead fish against the reader's back, in hopes of keeping him awake. One gets the sense that Sirius intended Mutate's anti-structure as a hyper-postmodernist intervention into the Western literary canon, yet it reads as though the pages were spat out of a leaf blower. One hesitates to call it a work of "literature," yet, forced into pre-existing categories, Mutate fits (like a fat guy into a Go-Kart) into the satirical tradition. An attempt to give Jonathan Swift a swift kick to the groin, Mutate thrusts Satire into the 21st century, lurching and retching towards...well, just lurching and retching. Indeed, Mutate qua satire is eminently more forgivable than Mutate qua fiction. Considered as fiction, Mutate takes its place with the Battlestar Galactica's of yesteryear, disposable sci-fi destined for the bargain bin. The "plot," insofar as one exists, traces future events from the present to the year 2002 (this transparent one-upsmanship against Kubrick did not go unnoticed by this reader), when the world ends in a sophomoric nanotech disaster, covering the globe in key lime pie. The major players in this post-structuralist playground are two collective entities--R.U. Sirius' MONDO Vanilli Corp., a multimediocre entertainment organ, and St. Jude's hacker "Underground," a liminal network of media pirates, cryptoanarchists, and console cowboys. Both of these collectives find themselves pitted against an increasingly repressive and tightassed Establishment, characterized by the unfortunate cross-breeding of the values of Catherine MacKinnon and Rush Limbaugh. While the parodic exaggeration of current societal trends is inspired, the authors spend so much time licking their own assholes with self-congratulatory relish that one finds oneself unconsciously siding with the dreary Overground. Indeed, the reader often unexpectedly finds himself wading through a minefield of hypebites for Sirius' "band," MONDO Vanilli, a experience not unlike negotiating a meadow of steaming cow pies without one's galoshes. These delusions of power and influence beg for a Freudian analysis of Mutate, which would surely reveal just how deeply enschwanzed Sirius' and Jude's megalomaniac "roles" have become in their core personalities. The authors may indeed become the menace to society they long to be, but not as the countercultural power-brokers they now envision themselves. Instead, they will fulfill their revolutionary fantasies as the unwitting stooges of some shadowy Parallax Corporation, who will satisfy their delusional desire to go out in an apotheosis of heroic rebellion against "the Man" by having them take the fall for a minor political assassination. This ambiguity between fact and fantasy problematizes the core of the Mutate project, threatening to reduce it to a cybersleaze version of Sword of Shanarra. No amount of tongue-in-chic jargon can save the book from the transparent desire of the authors to project themselves into an anarcho-syndicalist wet dream of their own pathetic design. And it is the exclusively private nature of the authors' desire that renders the book impenetrable, or merely tiresome, to the average reader. Mutate does everything it can not to invite the reader into its world. The reader in search of frisson only gets pissed on. Even for the fearless reader with more time than sense, an entrée into the world of Mutate is limited at best, and whatever understanding the reader may glean will reveal an unappealing and petty world which ends not with a bang but a wimpout. [recent letter to the New York Times, unprinted] Re: David Carr's review of Gary Wolf's "Wired: A Romance," Sunday Times Book Review, 7/27/03 Editor, To claim that Wired was "the first magazine to make the computer world seem hip," as David Carr does in his review of Gary Wolf's history of the publication, is like saying that the Rolling Stones invented the blues. Had Carr read the fourth chapter of Wolf's book, he would have realized that Wired had prominent, if far stranger, forebear in Mondo 2000, a quarterly full-color glossy that preceded its more conventional imitator by four years, reached a circulation of close to 100,000, and was covered by all major cultural and news organs, including the New York Times and Time magazine. Just as Wired was preparing its first editions, Time based a 1993 cover story on "cyberpunk" on Mondo 2000 and the subculture it covered and celebrated, and in an unprecedented move for the stodgy newsweekly, allowed Mondo designer Bart Nagel to create the cover illustration for that issue, a Photoshop collage featuring Mondo deputy designer Heidi Foley. Mondo editor-in-chief R.U. Sirius created the notion that the magazine was a message from the future to the present in publicity material in 1990, and was quoted in the New York Times about the publication's intention to become "the Rolling Stone of the Information Age," a slogan Louis Rosetto and Co. parroted a couple years later in launching Wired. When the first few issues of Wired arrived in the Mondo offices, containing articles on topics Mondo had covered, using writers previously associated with Mondo, and a suspiciously similar logo design and spine, we on the Mondo staff knew that we were being lifted. The editors and publishers of Mondo were chummy with Wired executive editor Kevin Kelly, who shot back at Sirius's comments on the similarities on the online community The WELL by saying something to the effect of "Well, you're always advocating appropriation, so fuck you!," a riposte Sirius was big enough to deem valid and humorous. Wired went on to produce a more corporate, straight-laced version of Mondo that nevertheless contained many excellent, groundbreaking articles before it devolved into a Fortune magazine for Dockers-wearing Silicon Valley middle managers, seemingly designed to make such readers feel hip for the first time in their lives. History may be written by the victors, but in light of the recent death of Mondo senior editor St. Jude Milhon, a member of one of the first experimental online communities (long before the Internet as we know it existed) in early '70s Berkeley, California, and who, along with a group of rogue cryptographers know as the "cypherpunks," was the cover feature of Wired's second issue, those who know the facts about the gestation of what came to be know as "cyberculture" cannot remain silent witnesses. Sincerely, Andrew Hultkrans Former Managing Editor and Columnist, Mondo 2000
RUSirius (rusirius) Wed 6 Aug 03 19:19
Actually, I think Alison may have come up with the "Message from the Future" thing, although it's all rather a blur...
the System Works (dgault) Wed 6 Aug 03 20:07
no shit, the only thing I remember clearly is going out almost every night.
The Fucked-Up Piano Chicks (magdalen) Thu 7 Aug 03 15:35
andrew, i <heart> both of those pieces very much. and fuck the boring Times for not having the balls to print your letter.
hagiography class (kreth) Thu 7 Aug 03 17:38
enjoyed the letter - I hope they do print it where is mr. motorbooty anyway? I see he has a book coming out...(search Amazon and you can find it). .y
the System Works (dgault) Fri 8 Aug 03 11:58
Someone just asked me if there is a "Saint of the Internet." It ought to be St Jude.
Tod Foley (asif) Fri 8 Aug 03 20:29
One fine day in 1993, St Jude hacked my WELL account. She was interested in something I had said somewhere, and decided to check out what I had in my home directory. I never would have known this, except that she also saw fit to email me about her exploit and tell me about it. Now usually, people are pissed off to learn they've been hacked. But I took it as an honor, since Jude (and Ken) were idols of mine. I had been working very hard to inject something akin to their great sense of postmodern style into the zine I was editing at the time ("PIX-Elation"), while publisher Karin August and I were struggling to get it printed and distributed. So the fact that Jude showed any interest at all in what I was writing could only mean that I was on the right track. I still remember the breathless feeling I had as I rushed to tell Karen about it via unix talk. Getting hacked by Jude was nothing short of an inspiration. I never met her personally, and we only exchanged a few emails. But I was very familiar with her work and felt proud that she had even a glancing knowledge of mine. Even from this great distance I saw her as a brilliantly sharp-witted writer & researcher, a clever (and honest) hacker, and just a really, truly unique person. The world is better and much more interesting, thanks to her having been here to share some time with us all. And I need to say: THANK YOU ST JUDE. LVX TF
David Gans (tnf) Sat 9 Aug 03 08:46
Hacked? Or did she just read unprotected files in your home directory?
RUSirius (rusirius) Sat 9 Aug 03 10:35
Jude remembered in the London Guardian http://www.guardian.co.uk/obituaries/story/0,3604,1014412,00.html
Tod Foley (asif) Sat 9 Aug 03 14:23
Yep, hacked. I could probably explain it better if I dug up Jude's original email (it's on an old floppy somewhere around here), but from what I recall, I think she used a sniffer to grab my password. Back in those days I used (unencrypted) telnet to reach The WELL. ah, memories... LVX TF
voy a santiago en un coche de agua negra (humdog) Sun 10 Aug 03 09:28
for st jude, from humdog. it seems somehow not surprising that when a woman dies it is less noticed than a man dying. i don't mean that we personally grieve less. i mean that we notice it less. the death of st jude should have been mentioned on CNN as a headline because st jude was a crucial person in the development of interactive technology and crucial is the right word. st jude was the late 20th century sign of the suffragette: she is what a suffragette looks like now, and the brave ladies who fought for the vote 100 years ago would have seen her and recognized her for what she was and would have known her as a comrade in arms. st jude was one of those who wished to permit women voyages. she overcame a barrier as big as the right to vote. st jude said, by example, that women had a right and a responsibility to be technically literate and she did so not by preaching about it. she did it simply by behaving as if it were the most ordinary thing in the world for a woman to be a technical master. i admire her for that. i admire her for addressing by example the very real issue of cultural bias against women in the technical arena instead of wasting her time worrying about wheth or not a man insults a woman by opening a door for her. i admire her for having the will to make, for having the will to create and acting on it. every woman online today owes a debt of gratitude to st jude. i am one of those women.
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