American Psychiatric Association, "Position Statement on Homosexuality
and Civil Rights", in: American Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 131 (1974),
No. 4, p. 497 (Official Actions).
"This statement was approved by the Board of Trustees of the American
Psychiatric Association at its December 14-15, 1973, meeting, upon recommendation
of the Council on Professions and Associations. It was prepared by Robert
L. Spitzer, M.D., with the approval of the Task Force on Nomenclature and
Statistics. The Assembly of District Branches endorsed the statement at
its meeting on November 2-4, 1973."
Whereas homosexuality per se implies no impairment in judgment, stability, reliability, or general social or vocational capabilities, therefore, be it resolved that the American Psychiatric Association deplores all public and private discrimination against homosexuals in such areas as employment, housing, public accommodation, and licensing, and declares that no burden of proof shall be placed upon homosexuals greater than that imposed on any other persons. Further, the American Psychiatric Association supports and urges the enactment of civil rights legislation at the local. state, and federal level that would offer homosexual citizens the same protections now guaranteed to others on the basis of race, creed, color, etc. Further, the American Psychiatric Association supports and urges repeal of all discriminatory legislation singling out homosexual acts by consenting adults in private.
(The American Psychiatric Association is, of course, aware that many other persons in addition to homosexuals are irrationally denied their civil rights on the basis of pejorative connotations derived from diagnostic or descriptive terminology used in psychiatry and deplores all such discrimination. This resolution singles out discrimination against homosexuals only because of the pervasive discriminatory acts directed against this group and the arbitrary and discriminatory laws directed against homosexual behavior.)