The U.S. folllows the Soviets into the space race
with the launching of the satellite Explorer 1
from Cape Canaveral, Florida, on January 31
- the first U.S. satellite to go into orbit around the Earth.
Scientists discover the Van Allen radiation belts.
The first undersea crossing of the North Pole is
by a U.S. submarine named the Nautilus.
a Clone:a complete carrot plant is grown from a fully differentiated
carrot root cell. The success surprises biologists because it is thought
individual differentiated cells would not divide and grow to form complete
Geophysical Year:a comprehensive series of
global geophysical activities intended to allow scientists
from around the world to take part in a series of coordinated observations.
Hall of Fame
March 14 » The Recording Industry Association of America grants
Perry Como the very first gold record for Catch a Falling Star.
March 24 » Elvis Presley starts his service with the U.S. army,
creating a void that will soon be filled by teen idols and pop acts.
August 4 » Billboard begins its Hot 100 chart for singles.
November 24 » The Kingston Trio becomes the first group to have
a number 1 album when their self-titled LP beats out all the solo competition.
Year-end » Stereo records begin production in both the U.S. and
Everly Brothers: Hey
Bird Dog, All I Have to Do is Dream
Chipmunks Song, Purple People-Eater, Lollipop, Tom Dooley
Coasters: Yakety Yak
Jackie Wilson: Lonely Teardrops (first?)
James Brown: Try Me
Chuck Berry: Johnny B. Goode
Johnny Otis: Willie and the Hand-Jive
Stereophonic recordings come into use
Bobby Darin: Splish Splash
Phil Spector starts producing records (?= start of Motown?)
Kingston Trio: Tom Dooley
Theodore Bikel Town Hall concert, NY
John Coltrane: first album