System Status: See welltech topic 382, responses 1584 and up for important info about www.well.com changes.
Managing files on The WELL (using SSH and the PicoSpan menus)
If you ssh to well.com and log in, you create files in your home directory on well.com when you copy information from topics. This page is about how to manage these files.
Opening the File menu
To open the File menu, from the Main menu choose 9 File Management.
MANAGING FILES ON THE WELL . Menu name : file . Conference: wellcome 1 List the files in your directory . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 ...including hidden ones . 3 ...with details . HELP and INFORMATION: . www.well.com/membersguide 4 Display the contents of a file . 5 Copy a file . 6 Rename a file . 7 Delete a file . . 8 Show current directory name . 9 Change to a different directory . 10 Make a new directory . GETTING AROUND 11 Delete a directory . . 66 Go back one menu 12 Compress a file . 77 Go to the Main menu 13 Download a file . 88 Go to a menu by name 14 Upload a file . 99 Turn off these menus . 15 File management settings... . 100 Exit from the WELL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OK (type a number or command):
The File menu lets you list the files in your home directory in various ways, display the contents, and copy, rename, or delete them. This menu also lets you control your directory (and the location of your files) by creating subdirectories and compressing, uploading, and downloading files.Managing files in your home directory
You can use up to 100 megabytes of disk space without being charged. The whole idea is to keep disk space available. This is not a dropbox type service.
If you begin to upload and download lots of files, you should periodically remove files to clean up the disk space assigned to you and getting rid of files that are no longer useful. This avoids surcharges.To list the files in your home directory
The first three commands on the File menu let you display your files. From the File menu choose one of the first three commands:
Subdirectories are indicated by the letter "d" at the beginning of the listing. Here is an example:
total 120 drwxr-sr-x 9 puffball well 1024 Dec 5 13:47 . drwxr-sr-x 34 root sys 1024 Nov 29 14:27 .. -rw------- 1 puffball well 64 Nov 25 13:40 .addressbook drwx--l--- 2 puffball well 512 Dec 4 14:18 .cfdir -rw------- 1 puffball well 0 Dec 5 09:16 .inbox -rw------- 1 puffball well 38 Sep 2 11:17 .mailrc -rw------- 1 puffball well 7782 Dec 5 09:37 .pinerc -rw-r--r-- 2 puffball well 964 Nov 7 14:39 .plan drwx--l--- 2 puffball well 512 Oct 30 04:58 News -rw------- 1 puffball well 5248 Dec 1 16:46 Questions drwx--l--- 2 puffball well 512 Dec 5 13:41 Answers -rw------- 1 puffball well 64 Sep 10 10:53 dead.letter drwx------ 2 puffball well 512 Dec 5 09:38 mail OK (Return for menu):To display the contents of a file
You can display the contents of a file. This is useful when you've forgotten what a file contains. You need to know the filename of the file you want to see.
From the File menu choose 4 Display the contents of a file. Enter the filename of the file you want to see and The WELL will display the contents of the file.To copy, rename, or delete a file
Copying, renaming, and deleting files are basic file management tasks. You can perform all of them from the File menu.
From the File menu choose the appropriate menu command: 5 Copy a file, 6 Rename a file, or 7 Delete a file. When The WELL prompts you, enter the filename of the file you want to copy, rename, or delete.
Caution: Be sure of your intentions before you copy or rename a file. The system carries out the command immediately, without asking you to confirm the action. Therefore, it is possible to overwrite a file that has the same name as the new filename you want to use, without warning. We may be able to restore a deleted file if you contact helpdesk swiftly.Handling directories
A directory is like a folder. It is a named location on disk that can contain files. If you are familiar with pathnames, you know about directories. Here is a path to a file named filename:
The part of the path that precedes the filename is a series of directories. When you log in to The WELL, your current directory is your "home" directory. Any information you copy to a file or upload is placed in your home directory unless you explicitly instruct the system to place it in another directory.
You can create other directories, make one of them the current directory, and delete directories.To see the name of the current directory
Occasionally you may create a file you want other people to read. To give them access to the file, you need to tell them the location of the file, including a full path to it. (And you will need to change the security permission from private to public. See Changing File Management Settings.)
Your home directory is created automatically when you first sign on as a WELL user. If your name were "login," your home directory would be:
You don't need to remember that - you can see it when you need to have the information. To see the name of the current directory, from the File menu choose 8 Show current directory name. The name will be displayed.To change to a different current directory
The current directory is the active location. This is the directory that is used when you perform file management tasks unless you explicitly include a different path name.
You can change the current directory to take advantage of this convention. For example, if you have several files to upload into your work subdirectory, you can make it the current directory; then you won't have to enter the pathname to the work subdirectory each time.
From the File menu choose 9 Change to a different directory. At the prompt, enter the directory you want to make current.
You can provide the entire pathname, starting with /home/, or you provide only the name of the subdirectory.To create a new directory
If you make extensive use of The WELL storage area for files, you may want to create subdirectories of your home directory in which to group them. For example, your home directory may contain two subordinate directories: work and project2. You could store files in either of these subdirectories as well as in your home directory.
From the File menu choose 10 Make a new directory. At the prompt, enter the name you want for the new directory. The new directory is created subordinate to the current directory.
If you want the new subordinate directory to be the current directory, you must change the current directory, as described in To change to a different current directory.To delete a directory
If you discover that you no longer need a directory you created, you can delete it.
From the File menu choose 11 Delete a directory. At the prompt, enter the subdirectory you want to delete.
Note: You can't delete the current directory. A subdirectory you want to delete must be empty (must contain no files).Compressing files
You can compress a text file (make it smaller). The file compression available on The WELL works with UNIX and PC-compatible computers. If you are using a Macintosh system, do not use this feature.
A file that has been compressed is no longer a text file. You must download it as a binary file and uncompress it on your personal computer.
The file compression program creates a "zip file." The compressed file has the extension ".zip".
To compress a file, you need to know the filename of the file you want to compress. From the File menu choose 12 Compress a file. Enter the filename at the prompt. You don't have to type the ".zip" extension for the file, The WELL automatically adds it to the filename if you leave it out.
CAUTION: The compressed file replaces the original file.Downloading files
The menu system provides a download option. From the File menu choose 13 Download a file. When prompted, enter the filename of the file that you want to download.
Most users will prefer to use FTP to transfer files. However some SSH clients will support this menu option, which sends zmodem and similar transfers.Uploading files
The menu system provides a file upload option. From the File menu choose 14 Upload a file. When prompted, enter the filename of the file that you want to upload.
Most users will prefer to use FTP to transfer files. However some SSH clients will support this menu option, which sends zmodem and similar transfers.Changing file management settings
Your file management settings allow you to set security permissions on your files and directories, and to choose the editor you want to use for editing files.
You can set your files to be "public" or "private." Anyone logged into The WELL via an SSH session can read a public file, and files must be public in order to function as Web pages in your WEB directory. Only you can read your private files. By default, most of your files are private. You may want to designate a certain file as public when you think it will be of general interest. You can then post the path to the file so that other people can read or download the file when logged in.
To change the security permissions on a file:
FILE PERMISSIONS MENU --------------------------------------------------------------------- WELL File Permissions Menu --------------------------------------------------------------------- - Change Default: Make all new files you create: PUBLIC: Any WELL member can read them..............Type: a PRIVATE: Other WELL members cannot read them........Type: b - Make ALL Currently Existing Files PRIVATE...............Type: c (Does not include Picospan setup files.) - Make ALL Currently Existing Files PUBLIC................Type: d (Does not include mbox file or Mail directory.) - List Files & Their Permissions..........................Type: e - Change Permissions on Specific Files....................Type: f --------------------------------------------------------------------- Enter Choice (or 'q' to quit):
Use the menu to view and change any permissions you wish to change. To see the current permission status of your files, enter e.To change to another file editor
The file editor is the program that you use to edit files, such as your biography. If you don't like the file editor you are currently using, you can change to one you are more familiar with, or one that is easier to use.
PICK THE EDITOR USED TO EDIT FILES . Menu name : editor . Conference: wellcome 1 ped (recommended) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 red . . HELP and INFORMATION: 3 vi (if you know how to use it) . www.well.com/membersguide . 4 Other . . . . . . . GETTING AROUND . . 66 Go back one menu . 77 Go to the Main menu . 88 Go to a menu by name . 99 Turn off these menus . . 100 Exit from the WELL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . OK (type a number or command):
Choose the editor you want to use by entering its number.
Other UNIX editors are available, but you will have to teach yourself how to use them. If you are familiar with another text editor, you may choose 4 Other and enter its name at the prompt.
WELL policies and etiquette
For instructions about using PicoSpan menus, see Menu basics. Note that to Enter a command, you type the command followed by the Return or Enter key.
Look for more documentation of legacy commands in the picohelp conference. For documentation of the newer web-based access to the same conference content, see the newer guide to direct engagement using your browser.